Spring is pup rearing season; stay diligent and know the deterrents
Coyotes are common in all 100 counties of North Carolina, and although they are generally elusive and avoid people, the North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission reports that coyote sightings peak in May as they ramp up their activity searching day and night for food to support their newborn pups.
Coyotes prefer to build their dens away from human activity, but in North Carolina that can still mean contact with people. As coyotes wander in search of food, which can include wild fruit, small mammals, and this year’s increased number of nutritious cicadas, they can enter residential areas, especially if food is plentiful. Coyotes will take advantage of pet food left outdoors, food scraps and other nutritious tidbits around homes. Smaller pets such as cats and small-breed dogs should always be closely supervised when outdoors, as they can easily be mistaken for natural prey.
Dog-proof fencing, which is at least six feet tall and prevents digging underneath, is the only guarantee of a no-coyote zone, but there are other ways to keep coyotes from hanging around.
Says Falyn Owens, extension biologist for the Wildlife Commission: “You must remove anything that could attract coyotes and actively make the area uncomfortable for them.”
Owens offers these tips to deter coyotes:
- Remove all outdoor pet food, fallen fruit, food waste, and bird feeders.
- Keep cats and small dogs on a leash or harness whenever they’re outside.
- Haze coyotes away from homes and businesses (see this coyote hazing video out of Florida).
Hazing can be as simple as waving your arms and shouting forcefully until a coyote leaves. Spraying them with a water hose or throwing small rocks in their direction can also alert coyotes they’re not welcome in the area.
In more remote areas where a coyote pair might be denning, hazing likely won’t be effective. Said Owens:
“Coyotes will closely watch people who come near their den or pups, so if you are passing through a brushy or wooded area and notice a coyote watching you or even following you at a distance, there may be a den nearby. In this case, leave calmly and inform others to avoid the area for a few weeks. Coyotes use dens like a crib for protecting their newborn pups, and as soon as the pups can survive outside of the den, the coyotes will abandon it.”
Coyotes rarely attack people, preferring to avoid us entirely or keep their distance. If you are walking a small dog and a coyote seems to take interest, pick up the dog and act threatening toward the coyote.
Source: Mindy Wharton, NC Wildlife Resources Commission