The second half of summer comes with a few typical themes: barbecues with family, the sound of lawnmowers, outdoor walks, and young squirrels falling out of trees.
Yes, that’s right. This is the time of year that squirrels such as the common gray squirrel are raising their second brood of the year. Summer storms and tree-cutting activity, along with other similar events, can lead to young squirrels, and sometimes the whole leafy nest, falling out of their high tree perches. As a result, biologists with the North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission see an influx of reports from concerned citizens who have found a grounded young squirrel — known as a kit — and want to know how to help.
The first thing to do is look to see if the animal is obviously injured, wet or otherwise sickly-looking. If not, it’s probably safe to leave it where you found it long enough to contact a professional and get his/her advice.
Licensed wildlife rehabilitators in North Carolina specialize in caring for injured or orphaned wildlife and can help people take the right action to give the animal its best chance of survival. More often than not, they’ll recommend leaving the young squirrel there to give the mother a chance to retrieve it.
When a squirrel’s nest is disturbed and the young end up on the ground, the female will work as fast as she can to find her young and place them back in the nest. If the nest is destroyed, she’ll build a new nest first, then search for each of her young and carry them to the new nest.
If a young squirrel is removed from the area before the female retrieves it, the chances of it surviving are significantly reduced.
Said Falyn Owens, the Commission’s extension biologist: “Humans simply are not as good at taking care of young animals as their mothers. I cannot overemphasize how important it is to speak with a licensed wildlife rehabilitator first, before taking a wild animal home and attempting to care for it.”
Although people may mean well, handling a wild animal, and particularly a young one, can cause more harm than good. This is especially true if the female comes looking for her young and can’t find them.
Licensed wildlife rehabilitators can provide advice on whether or not the animal actually needs human help, and what type of help to provide. For example, while giving a young animal food or water is often a person’s first instinct, it is not recommended, and can be quite harmful. If needed, wildlife rehabilitators are legally able to take the animal in and care for it until it can be released back into the wild.
Owens added: “It’s important to understand that possession of live, native wildlife is illegal in North Carolina, except particular circumstances, and this usually requires a license or permit. Despite a person’s best intentions, a wild animal is best left where it was found, or in the hands of a licensed wildlife rehabilitator.”
During the busy season for orphaned and injured wildlife concerns (spring and summer), wildlife rehabilitators can be very busy. If they don’t answer the phone right away, Owens advises to leave them a message rather than calling multiple times. When in doubt, even a rehabilitator in another county can provide advice over the phone.
For more information about gray squirrels in North Carolina, visit the Commission’s gray squirrel webpage.
Source: Jodie Owen, NC Wildlife Resources Commission