Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in Danger

Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. Source: US Fish and Wildlife Service
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. Source: US Fish and Wildlife Service

On Thursday, November 9, 2017, environmental groups responded to new legislation aimed at drilling the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. The legislation was proposed by a US Senator Wednesday night. The groups’ statements follow.

More information on the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge may be found on the US Fish and Wildlife site, www.fws.gov/refuge/arctic.

Alaska Wilderness League: Senate Drill Bill Will Destroy The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge

Today, the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee released a bill to drill in the biological heart of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. The committee also scheduled its markup for Wednesday, November 15, 2017 at 9am in Room 366 of the Dirksen Senate Office Building in Washington, DC.

Statement by Adam Kolton, Executive Director, Alaska Wilderness League:

“This bill would giveaway Arctic Refuge oil to China and other countries hungry for exports. It  would allow roads, pipelines, gravel mines and well pads to be erected across the entire birthing  grounds of the Coastal Plain, where caribou calve and where polar bear mothers den.

“Nothing in this bill can magically make these  fantastical revenue assumptions materialize .

“What this bill would do is turn America’s last great wilderness into a lost wilderness. Senator  Lisa Murkowski  had promised some kind of new and improved directional drilling, but that’s  just a talking point. What we got was simply misdirection and deception. The fact is that is that  the entire 1.5 million acres could be offered up in two massive lease sales. It’s  deplorable that a backdoor budget maneuver is being used to ram Arctic drilling through  without a full, fair and open debate. It’s immoral that this bill would risk the subsistence culture  of the Gwich’in for a fool’s gold of exaggerated money and jobs. An d it’s wrong to pretend to  offer a tax cut with one hand and rob our children and grandchildren of their rightful heritage with the other.”

Alaska Wilderness League is online at www.alaskawild.org.

Defenders of Wildlife:  “Legislation Opens Pristine Arctic Refuge to Destructive Oil Drilling”

Last night, Senator Lisa Murkowski (R-AK) introduced legislative language that would allow destructive oil drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, making fossil fuel development a primary purpose of America’s premier wildlife reserve. This damaging legislation is slated to be added to an unrelated budget reconciliation bill that will be considered in the Senate under an expedited process.

Jamie Rappaport Clark, president and CEO of Defenders of Wildlife, issued the following statement:

“This toxic legislation would turn vital wildlife habitat into an oil field. It’s pure politics and bad science.

“With this proposal, Senator Murkowski’s long-standing wish to shove aside polar bears, caribou, wolves and environmental protections and give away the Arctic refuge to the fossil fuel industry is a frightening step closer to reality. Despite Senator Murkowski’s spin, industrializing the biological heart of the Arctic Refuge will never be compatible with protecting its world class wildlife values.

“We urge the Senate to reject this terrible proposal and remove any provisions for Arctic refuge drilling from the FY 2018 budget process.”

Background

The Importance of the Arctic Refuge

  • The coastal plain, where drilling would occur, is the biological heart of the refuge. Oil development would irreparably damage this vital landscape. The wilderness and habitat values would be forever destroyed by an industrial complex, replete with oil spills, leaks and pollution. Pipelines, drill rigs, buildings and other infrastructure accompanied by the noise of industrial development would threaten iconic wildlife and imperil sensitive species that call the refuge home.
  • The Arctic refuge contains vital nesting habitat for hundreds of species of migratory birds from all 50 states and six continents; the most important onshore denning habitat for threatened polar bears in the United States; spawning streams for Dolly Varden and other valued fish species; and room to roam for caribou, wolves, muskoxen, Dall sheep, Arctic foxes and many other wildlife species.
  • Most of the Arctic refuge’s coastal plain is designated critical habitat for imperiled polar bears. Mother polar bears with cubs are increasingly dependent on this area as annual sea ice melts more quickly due to a warming climate. The coastal plain is also the principal calving ground for the nearly 200,000-strong Porcupine caribou herd, which migrates hundreds of miles to birth and raise their young in the refuge each year.
  • President Dwight D. Eisenhower first set aside much of the refuge in 1960. Congress later affirmed and expanded the refuge in the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act in 1980. Now about the size of South Carolina, the Arctic refuge preserves one of the largest intact ecosystems in the world. Approximately 40 percent of the refuge, mostly in the Brooks Range, is designated as wilderness to help permanently protect this treasured landscape.

Sacrificing a National Treasure Behind Closed Doors

  • This contentious legislation has been attached to the budget reconciliation process, allowing it to bypass a filibuster in the Senate.
  • Tucking this legislation into the budget process violates the regular order and precludes full public discussion of this issue. Adding such a high-profile, divisive provision to this budget bill has nothing to do with budget numbers or tax reform and circumvents full and fair debate.
  • Industrializing America’s greatest national wildlife refuge deserves full public debate. Two out of three Americans support protecting the Arctic refuge.
  • The Arctic refuge drilling provision will only make an already complex process more complicated and delay the passage of important legislation.

A Budget Scam

  • The Arctic refuge drilling provision in the budget is about changing policy, not raising revenue. It does not belong in the budget process.
  • Refuge drilling would also produce scant revenue to the U.S. Treasury, and nothing close to the projected $1.8 billion suggested by the president’s current budget proposal. A recent economic analysis by the Center for American Progress found that Arctic refuge drilling would only raise $37.5 million for the U.S. Treasury, at most, in the first decade. In fact, oil leasing in the refuge would only produce a paltry $7.5 million, assuming Alaska successfully sues to claim 90 percent of leasing revenues available under applicable law.
  • The current budget resolution before the Senate would increase the federal debt by $1.5 trillion – meaning that the sale of Arctic refuge leases and royalties would recoup a fraction of one percent of the projected deficit in the “best case” scenario. And that calculation generously assumes that every single acre of the coastal plain would be sold for drilling, which is highly unlikely.

Defenders of Wildlife is dedicated to the protection of all native animals and plants in their natural communities. With nearly 1.2 million members and activists, Defenders of Wildlife is a leading advocate for innovative solutions to safeguard our wildlife heritage for generations to come. For more information, visit www.defenders.org and follow the group on Twitter @DefendersNews.

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